Scientific Explanation – Biomechanics of Running
Feet and ankles form a sophisticated anatomy structure comprising 26 irregular bones, 30 synovial joints, more than 100 ligaments and 30 muscles in charge of various critical roles. All of the joints in the feet must simultaneously work and interact together in order to allow the human body to perform movements such as running and walking smoothly.
Therefore when walking with your bare feet or stepping on something, you can feel it although the skin underneath is very thick to protect the feet – A part of it is because the soles are built by a grid of nerves, blood vessels and tendons.
Here Are Tips To Consider When It Comes To Biomechanics of Running.
- THE PERFECT RUNNING TECHNIQUE DOES NOT EXIST. There are certain techniques that are known to reduce force in certain joints and muscle groups or can improve versatility, but it’s not always 100% effective for certain individuals.
- Instead of ONE flawless run technique, there is a wide range of acceptable run variations. For example run rate from 160 to 185, instead of ONLY 180; or variations in foot-landing patterns because new research shows that heel kicks are not actually less effective after landing with your forefoot! Only when runners are at risk of injury or if they have already been injured. Those instances require a change of running technique.
- Changing the technique too often is not strictly necessary. When someone is running in a specific way without any problems, the change in technique will actually cause short-term inefficiencies and potentially transfer force to other joints / tendons / muscle, increases the risk of injury caused by overuse such as tendinitis or friction syndrome. It’s best to adjust within the range of acceptance, unless you are injured and need technical modification to recover.
- Running technique is of course very important, but performance and risk of injury are also determined by factors such as strength and endurance training programs. Make sure you carefully consider those factors before turning your attention on your running technique.