Processed food is any food item that has been canned, cooked, frozen, pasteurized, or packaged.
You can enjoy many processed foods, including canned vegetables, frozen fruits, and pasteurized dairy products, as part of a healthy diet. However, some highly processed items are loaded with salt, sugar, additives, and preservatives, which can harm your health.
Reducing your intake of these highly processed foods is one of the most effective ways to improve your health and enhance the quality of your diet.
In fact, when people ask me for nutritional advice, cutting down on processed foods is one of the first things I recommend.
Here are 10 simple, sustainable, and realistic strategies to help you eat less processed food.
1. Keep healthy snacks on hand
If you’re running short on time, grabbing a packaged snack on your way out the door may be tempting.
However, keeping your kitchen stocked with plenty of portable, nutritious snacks can make it much easier to make healthy choices on the go.
Some of my favorite healthy snacks include fresh fruit, mixed nuts, edamame, and veggies with hummus.
If you have extra time, you can also prep some simple snacks in advance. Hard-boiled eggs, turkey roll-ups, homemade kale chips, and overnight oats are a few great treats that you can whip up quickly and keep on hand for later.
2. Eat less processed meat
You’ll be glad to hear that there are plenty of easy ways to cut back on processed meat.
For starters, you can simply swap these foods for less processed varieties of meat, such as fresh chicken, salmon, or turkey. You can also replace packaged lunch meats with other sandwich fillings, including tuna salad, chicken breast, or hard-boiled eggs.
Alternatively, you can eat more plant-based proteins, such as beans, lentils, tofu, or tempeh
3. Drink more water
Sugary beverages like soda, sweet tea, fruit juice, and sports drinks are high in sugar and calories but low in essential nutrients.
Gradually trading these drinks for water throughout the day is a great way to cut back on your intake of processed foods and improve your overall diet quality.
Sparkling or flavored water are two great options if plain water isn’t your favorite beverage. Alternatively, you can try infusing water with fresh fruit or herbs for an added burst of flavor.
4. Try meal prepping
Preparing meals in large batches once or twice each week ensures that you have plenty of nutritious meals ready in your fridge even when you’re too busy to cook.
It can also make it much less tempting to hit the drive-through on your way home or turn to frozen convenience meals when you’re pressed for time.
To get started, pick a few recipes to make each week and set aside a specific time to prepare your meals.
I also prefer finding a few recipes that share similar ingredients so that I can rotate through several meals during the week to avoid repetition.
5. Eat more vegetables
When you’re preparing meals at home, include at least one serving of vegetables to increase your intake of healthy, unprocessed foods.
This can be as easy as adding spinach to your scrambled eggs, sautéing broccoli for a simple side dish, or tossing carrots or cauliflower into soups or casseroles.
Vegetables are highly nutritious and great sources of fiber, which keeps you feeling full between meals to help decrease your appetite and curb cravings
6. Try some simple food swaps
There are countless healthy swaps for many processed products. Here are a few of my favorites:
- Trade your sugary breakfast cereal for a bowl of oatmeal with fresh fruit.
- Pop your own popcorn on the stove in place of microwave popcorn.
- Whip up a homemade vinaigrette with olive oil and vinegar to drizzle over salads in place of processed dressings.
- Make trail mix using nuts, seeds, and dried fruit for a healthy alternative to store-bought varieties.
- Top your salads with nuts or seeds instead of croutons.
7. Make changes slowly
There’s no need to completely eliminate processed foods from your diet all at once.
In fact, making changes slowly is often more effective and sustainable in the long run. Some research suggests that minor lifestyle changes help form long-lasting habits and make actions that are initially difficult much easier over time Each week, try experimenting with one or two of the strategies listed above, then gradually implement more.Keep in mind that you can still enjoy dining out or eating processed foods in moderation as part of a healthy, balanced diet.